university firewood – units of measure
Buying Firewood? Don’t Get Burned !
How Is It Sold?
In Canada, most firewood is sold by the bush cord. A cord is a legal unit of measurement defined by the Weights and Measures Regulations as “128 cubic feet of stacked roundwood (whole or split, with or without bark) containing wood and airspace with all bolts of similar length piled in a regular manner with their longitudinal axes approximately parallel.”
How Is It Measured?
Follow these steps to ensure that you have received the correct quantity:
— Stack the wood neatly in a line or row, ensuring that individual pieces are touching and parallel to each other with as few gaps as possible.
— Measure the length, width and height of the stack in feet (for example, 4 feet x 8 feet x 4 feet) – is equal to 1 bush cord
— Multiply these measurements to calculate the volume in cubic feet.
If your result is equal to 128 cubic feet, you have a cord.
Which Units Of Measurement Are Legal?
Some firewood dealers have been known to use various units of measurement to sell firewood. Some of these units of measurement are legal in Canada and some are not. Beware of terms that are not recognized as legal units of measurement, as they will often mean less than a cord.
Common legal units of measurement used in the sale of firewood:
– fractions of a cord
– cubic feet
– stacked cubic metre
– fractions of a stacked cubic metre
At University Firewood we sell by “face cords” that are ½ of a bush cord or 32 cu. ft. Our invoice states the volume in cu ft that you receive.
Common Measures of Wood in Cubic Feet:
HALF FACE: 16 CuFt (e.g. 4′ X 4′ X 1′ Pile)
- FACE CORD: 32 CuFt (e.g. 8′ X 4′ X 1′ Pile)
- 2 FACE CORDS: 64 CuFt (e.g. 8′ X 4′ X 2′ Pile) — 2 Rows of Logs
- BUSH CORD: 128 CuFt (e.g. 8′ X 4′ X 4′ Pile) — 4 Rows of Logs
Advantages of Buying in Bulk:
Bagged Firewood is always more expensive than Loose Firewood. For example, Bagged Wood purchased at a Gas Station comes in 1 CuFt units, which cost $9-$10 each. Over the course of a Winter, purchasing a Face Cord (32 CuFt) worth of Bags will therefore cost you between $288-$320. Ordering a Bulk Face Cord from University Firewood thus provides a 41%-47% savings over the Bagged alternative. Not only this, but you will enjoy the ease and convenience of an on hand Firewood supply.
Apples to Apples…
Firewood Suppliers use various terms to refer to different measures of Wood. To ensure a proper price comparison, always determine the quantity of Wood in cubic feet (CuFt).
It is not recommended to burn ‘Green’ or Unseasoned Wood in your Fireplace. Although Unseasoned Wood is cheaper than Seasoned Firewood, Seasoned Wood burns far more efficiently–producing the least Smoke, the most heat and leaving minimal Creosote residue in your Chimney.